When is a child in need of care and protection?
A child can be said to be in need of care and protection in the following circumstances:
- Having no parent or guardian, or having a parent or guardian who is unfit to exercise care and protection and guardianship;
- Is being cared for in circumstances in which the child’s physical or mental health, or emotional state is being seriously impaired, or there is substantial risk that it will be impaired;
- Is being exposed to moral danger;
- Is found to be destitute;
- Wandering without any place of abode, or without visible means of subsistence.
- Begging or loitering;
- Is a child against whom an offence has been committed or attempted to be committed;
- Is a child who is a member of a household within which an offence has been committed or attempted against another child;
- Or is a child in a household that has a member that has been convicted of an offence against a child.
What are the types of offences?
A child that has been subjected to any of the following criminal offences can be deemed to be in need of care and protection…
- The killing of a child by murder or manslaughter
- Abandoning or exposing a child
- Carnally knowing a child under the age of twelve (12) years
- Carnally knowing a child under the age or sixteen(16) years
- Persons inducing or encouraging defilement of a child on his premises
- Abduction of a child under sixteen (16) years
- Allowing persons under sixteen (16) years to be in brothels
- Child stealing
- Common assaults or aggravated assaults
- Indecent assault
- Abduction of a child under eighteen (18) years with intent to have carnal knowledge
- Any offence involving bodily injury to a child
⇒ What is the penalty for non-reporting?
⇐ What if a report is false?